Goal 13: Climate Action
The drastic effects of climate change are experienced by every country. In 1990, more than 50 % of the greenhouse emission was there. Long-lasting changes to our climate system are caused by global warming and if we don’t act it will then threaten the irreversible consequences.
In the hundreds of billions of dollars, there are the annual average economic losses from climate-related disasters. Between 1998-2017, there are 91% climate-related problems that killed 1.3 million people and 4.4 billion were left injured, this is the impact of the geophysical disaster. By addressing the needs of developing countries to both adapt to climate change and invest in low-carbon development is the goal to mobilize US$100 billion annually, by 2020.
In Goal 13, there is the direct contribution and support of vulnerable regions, which will help other goals also. To integrate disaster risk measures, human security into national development strategies and sustainable natural resource management, these actions must go hand in hand. It is also possible that along with strong political will, increase in investment, and using the existing technology, for limiting the increase in global mean temperatures to two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, aiming at 1.5°C, but this also requires the urgent and ambitious collective action.
Facts and Figures:
- 1 As of 2017 humans are estimated to have caused approximately 1.0°C of global warming above pre-industrial levels.
- 2 Sea levels have risen by about 20 cm (8 inches) since 1880 and are projected to rise another 30–122 cm (1 to 4 feet) by 2100.
- 3 To limit warming to 1.5C, global net CO2 emissions must drop by 45% between 2010 and 2030, and reach net zero around 2050.
- 4 Climate pledges under The Paris Agreement cover only one third of the emissions reductions needed to keep the world below 2°C.
- 5 Bold climate action could trigger at least US$ 26 trillion in economic benefits by 2030.
- 6 The energy sector alone will create around 18 million more jobs by 2030, focused specifically on sustainable energy.