January 24 4 min

Importance of National Girl Child Day 2024

Today, we celebrate the strength, resilience, and potential of every girl.” – National Girl Child Day

National Girl Child Day (NGCD), which is celebrated on January 24 in India, focuses on the importance of empowering girls and highlighting some of challenges that they face within Indian society. Started in 2008 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) as a part of its Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao movement aimed at eliminating gender-based discriminations to promote maximum equality between males and females.

National Girl Child Day derived its name from the fact that many girls in India struggle with a number of adversities such as gender based violence, child marriage and limited access to education and healthcare. These obstructions do not only restrain the progress and development of girls but also severely affect the whole nation’s overall advancement.

The Aim of National Girl Child Day 2024

  • Help girls become aware of their position in society and create new opportunities for them.
  • End inequalities for the girl child.
  • Provide human rights, dignity and recognition to girls in the country.
  • Fight gender discrimination and public awareness.
  • Speak to India’s falling sex ratio of children and alter attitudes towards girls from childhood.
  • Increase knowledge on the value and utility of girl child.
  • Make opportunities and rights available for the development of girls.
  • Inform the people about girls’ health and nutrition.
  • Ensure equal rights and freedom of movement to girls in the country

Importance of National Girl Child Day

NGCD has acted as a catalyst in knowledge generation regarding the disadvantages faced by girls and their emancipation all over India. Key outcomes encompass:

  • Enhanced Awareness: Since the establishment of NGCD, there has been a marked change in perceptions on girls to acknowledge their need for education because of empowerment and protection.
  • Improved Education Accessibility: The number of girls with access to education has increased which led to the rise in literacy rates and also female participation for higher studies.
  • Reduction in Child Marriage: The prevalence of child marriage has been on the decline in recent times due to awareness campaigns and legal interventions.
  • Empowered Girls: Girls are becoming empowered, making decisions by themselves, chasing their objectives and participating in society.

National Girl Child Day Initiatives

 The schemes adopted by the Government of India help to improve girl child living conditions. Some of these initiatives include:

  • The ban on sex determination in clinics during pregnancy.
  • Increasing the marrying  age of girls
  • Introduction of the "Save Girl Child" plan to ensure security and promotion of girl children.
  • It includes free and compulsory education for boys as well as girls up to age of 14, aimed at improving the level of girl child’seducation.
  • Persuading all women in pregnancy to receive antenatal care as a way of curbing malnutrition, high illiteracy, poverty and infant mortality existing in the society.
  • Administration of laws including Anti-Sati and Anti MTP by government to enable job opportunities for women.
  • Developing regulations that grant girls equal rights and opportunities so that they get a better future.
  • The implementation of the Five Year Plans to control education in backward states.
  • The government’s launch of ‘Operation Blackboard to get girls, by which every instructor will be paid the higher education for improved student development.
  • Creation of Balwadi creches, where infants are cared for and encouraged to attend primary schools.
  • The inclusion of self-help groups or SHGs to better the lives of rural girls.
  • Open Learning System was created to benefit backward class girls.

To sum up, National Girl Child Day emerges as the symbol of awareness and empowerment in India with regards to the various difficulties encountered by girls. It is the positive change in acknowledgment of girls’ education, empowerment and protection that makes clear how important NGCD role is. 

The concrete effects, such as heightened awareness and better equal access to educational opportunities, reduced numbers of child marriages throughout the state have proceeded to generate outstanding results. It shows us that this program has been successful.